手搖茶最大的成本不是茶?

到底是花錢買茶還是買杯子?

如果從整個手搖飲料商店的營運成本來考量,生產成本包含店租、水電、人事與原物料成本,假設每月都從早上10點營業到晚上10點,一個月30天保守可以賣到3000杯[1],則根據下表估計的各項成本顯示,一個月總成本為181100元,若要收支平衡,則一杯手搖飲料成本價60元,實際上佔總成本比例相當的少。如果只針對單純一杯手搖飲料計算成本,可以分為茶葉與杯子吸管,通常店家會購買大包裝、成本較低且可以沖泡上千杯的茶葉,因此平均下來一杯手搖茶的茶葉成本可能不到1、2元[2-5],而杯子、吸管與塑膠袋成本保守估計5元的話,單純一杯手搖飲料的成本價只要5.5元,其中茶葉佔一杯手搖茶飲料成本的比例也不到一半。

店租 3萬元
水電費 2萬元
工資 129600元
茶葉成本(每包500元可沖泡1000杯) 1500元
總成本 181100元
平均一杯手搖飲料(以3000杯計算) 60元

不論從整體店家營運角度或單純一杯手搖飲料來看,茶葉佔總成本的比例都很低,表示我們的每一塊錢花在手上這杯飲料的茶葉其實很少,對於真正想喝茶的人來說或許一點也不值得。另外,從健康角度來看,手搖茶飲料使用高溫煮茶的方式,可能會溶出稀土元素,導致神經傳導出現問題,長時間浸泡茶葉也可能會造成生菌數氟離子增加,其中氟離子過多會造成牙齒脫落,而茶葉浸泡太久會使茶鹼單寧酸咖啡因釋放過多,味道變得苦澀,有些店家反而還會增添茶精以掩蓋這種苦澀感[6],因此我們通常無法確保手搖飲料的品質,以及它對我們的健康可能會造成的影響。

最後,手搖飲料常常加了許多蔗糖或果糖,無形中也增加了過多的熱量,可能會造成肥胖、增加身體代謝的負擔,或是提高罹患心血管疾病的風險,常見的加料,例如珍珠或椰果等,可能也含有許多化學添加物,吃多了也會有害健康[7-8]。反觀如果選擇自己泡茶,不只天然,不會有許多人工添加物,影響健康,一包茶葉還可以沖泡出許多次。整體平均而言,一杯自己泡的茶還比外面賣的手搖飲料便宜許多,以澄翠茶藝的茶葉來說,一杯手搖飲料至少相當於可以喝到兩杯自己沖泡天然健康的原味茶哦!

喝茶本來有許多好處,具抗氧化能力的茶多酚維生素胺基酸等物質可以幫助預防許多疾病,而手搖茶含有的化學添加物,傷害人體健康,因此還是天然的原味茶最好,除了保留茶湯原始的滋味,也因為沒有加工而不會增加身體的負擔,最重要的是經濟又划算,能夠以最合理的價格享受最健康的生活方式哦!

部長茶舖裡的茶相對便宜又健康,絕對是手搖飲料的最佳替代品:https://www.littotea.com/shop/

-Research team @ 茶水部 LittoTea, 澄萃茶藝.

 

The analysis of bubble tea

By considering the overall operation of a beverage store, the cost of production includes rent, utilities, wage and materials. Suppose a beverage store opens from 10 a.m to 10 p.m, and it can sell at least 3000 cups per month[1]. According to the following table, it shows that the total cost per month is NT$181100. To make ends meet, it calculates that the cost of a cup of bubble tea is about NT$60 which accounts little for the total cost. If we only consider the cost of a cup of bubble tea, it can be divided into two parts, tea and cups. A beverage store usually would buy tea in bulk that costs little and can make over 1000 cups of drinks. Therefore, a cup of bubble tea may averagely cost no more than NT$2[2-5]. Besides, it is estimated that a cup, a straw and a bag cost totally NT$5. Then, the cost of a cup of bubble tea is only about NT$5.5. That is, tea per cup costs less than half the cost of a cup of bubble tea.

Rent NT$30000
Utilities NT$20000
Wage NT$129600
The cost of tea(NT$500per bags and each makes 1000 cups) NT$1500
Total cost NT$181100
Cost of a cup of bubble tea(divide by 3000 cups) NT$60

The ratio that tea accounts for the total cost is low both from the view of the overall operation and the analysis of a cup of bubble tea, which means that every dollar we spent on tea in a cup of bubble tea is little. It may be quite unworthy for those who want to drink tea. On the other hand, in the aspect of health, a beverage store usually make drinks by cooking tea in the high temperature, which may release rare earth elements and result in the problem of nerve conduction. Brewing tea in a long time could raise the amount of microorganisms and fluoride. The increase of fluoride may lead to tooth loss as well. In addition, brewing tea in a long time causes the excess release of theophylline, tannic acid and caffeine, which make the taste bitter. Some stores would add tea extract to hide the bitterness[6]. Therefore, we can rarely ensure the quality of bubble tea, and the influence that it would have on our health.

Furthermore, bubble tea is usually added much sucrose or fructose, which brings excessive calories and would cause obesity, increase the risks of getting cardiovascular diseases, and harm health. Some added ingredient, such as bubble or coconuts, may contain many chemical materials, which is also harmful for our health[7-8]. In contrast, tea brewed by ourselves is natural and healthy. In addition, a packet of tea can make many cups of tea. Generally, a cup of tea brewed by ourselves is much cheaper than a cup of bubble tea sold by a beverage store. Take all tea in LittoTea for example, a cup of bubble tea equals at least two cups of natural tea brewed by ourselves.

Tea has a lot of benefits. Polyphenols, vitamins and amino acids in tea help prevent several diseases. However, bubble tea may contain some chemicals, which would harm our health. Therefore, it is advisable to drink natural tea. In addition to the original taste, tea without any processing won’t harm our health. Most importantly, we can enjoy the healthiest style of life at the most reasonable spending.

All tea in our shop is relatively cheap and healthy, which is the best substitute for the bubble tea:https://www.littotea.com/shop/

-Research team @ 茶水部 LittoTea, 澄萃茶藝.

 

Reference

[1]http://ican168blog.pixnet.net/blog/post/5521616-%E6%83%B3%E5%8A%A0%E7%9B%9F%E8%8C%B6%E9%A3%B2%E6%96%99%E5%BA%97%E5%89%B5%E6%A5%AD%E9%96%8B%E5%BA%97%E7%87%9F%E6%94%B6%E7%B6%93%E9%A9%97%E7%B5%A6%E4%BD%A0%E5%8F%83%E8%80%83

[2]業者都不敢喝!低價茶精流竄手搖店 每杯成本不到1元

http://www.ettoday.net/news/20130605/218057.htm

[3]為什麼手搖茶不能喝?飲料業沒說出口的食安祕密全公開

http://ck101.com/thread-2939493-1-1.html?ref=banner

[4]http://opinion.cw.com.tw/blog/profile/52/article/2714

[5]成本2元 泡沫紅茶多越南爛茶

http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20150423000459-260102

[6]http://tube.chinatimes.com/20160202005166-261410

[7]https://www.top1health.com/Article/132/26427

[8]https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E5%8F%B0%E7%81%A3%E4%BA%BA%E5%B0%8D%E6%89%8B%E6%90%96%E8%8C%B6%E9%A3%B2%E7%9A%84%E6%84%9B%E8%88%87%E6%84%81-093425433.html

Lynn Chiang

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