茶包有不同品質分類唷

依據茶包材質與茶葉採摘部位有不同的分類唷!

現代生活忙碌,通常會選擇使用方便的茶包來泡茶,因此常見的茶包材質大概可以分為棉質紙與塑膠製茶包[1-4]:

  1. 棉質紙茶包材料輕薄,有時候會出現以釘書針固定的形式,不過高溫容易有金屬使用上的疑慮或是使茶包雜質釋放,影響茶湯的品質,而且有時候為了增加茶包的韌性,也會添加化學物質而影響到人體健康[1-4]。
  1. 塑膠製茶包,屬於聚乙烯對苯二甲酸酯(PET材質),過濾效果佳,是目前最常見的包裝方式,不過塑膠PET材質較不耐高溫,耐熱溫度最高大約85℃,一旦碰到高溫的熱水,可能會有溶出塑化劑的疑慮,影響內分泌系統與增加致癌風險[1-4]。

因此泡茶之前,首先要先確定茶包的品質,同時更要避免將茶包標籤一起放入熱水中浸泡,避免標籤上面的色素遇熱而溶出有害物質。最直接的方式是直接沖泡茶葉,也是喝茶另一種不錯的選擇方式。另外,茶包又可以分成平面或是立體三角茶包,有時候平面茶包因為空間小,茶葉難以伸展,茶包內的碎茶葉或茶末會比較多,香氣也散失的比較快,而立體茶包因為較有足夠的空間可以讓茶葉伸展開來,通常有較多的完整茶葉,茶湯滋味也較濃郁些[1-4]。

簡單將茶包以茶葉在茶樹上的位置,以及茶葉的形狀與大小作為等級分類,分別用B(Broken)表示碎型、G(Golden)表示金黃色、O(Orange)表示橙黃色、F(Flowery)代表花香或細軟、P(Pekoe)代表白毫以及T(Tippy)表示細芽,彼此串聯出OP、BOP、FOP、 TGFOP等許多字樣,有時候還會出現FGS(Fanning)代表茶片或細小的茶葉,以及D(Dust)代表粉末,而除了英文字母之外,如果出現數字則表示該層級內的等級順序。以下簡單介紹幾種類別[5-7]:

 

全茶葉

花橙黃白毫Flowery Orange Pekoe(FOP) 茶樹最頂端的葉芽,有較多的芽葉。
橙黃白毫Orange Pekoe (OP) 茶樹的第二層茶葉,通常是葉片較細長且完整的茶葉。
白毫Pekoe (P) 茶樹的第三層茶葉,茶葉較短且粗。

碎茶

碎橙黃白毫片Broken Orange (BOP)Pekoe 細碎的茶葉,或可以稱為散茶,與全茶葉相比,沖泡時間較短,味道較濃郁,是常見的茶包形式。
碎橙白毫片Broken Orange Pekoe Fanning(BOPF) 比碎茶更細,是BOP粉碎後的茶葉,或可以稱為片茶,以最後面的F來表示,茶湯濃厚。
粉茶Dust(D) 比片茶更細的粉狀茶葉,在茶葉等級中是最小的,沖泡時間短,常用於製作成茶包。

澄翠茶藝使用品質最好的材質與完整的茶葉來製作立體茶包,而且經過精密計算後,放入最適當的茶葉數量,讓泡茶的時候,在最短的時間之內每一個完整的茶葉都能在最佳的空間充分地舒展開來,使茶湯香味與精華完全釋放,不只不用擔心包裝化學物質釋出的問題,還能真正享受到茶葉完整的滋味。

部長茶舖裡每一種茶葉的茶包都是百分百用心製作,靜靜的等待在泡茶時散發出最好的一面:https://www.littotea.com/shop/

-Research team @ 茶水部 LittoTea, 澄萃茶藝.

 

The quality and the rank of tea bags

People living in busy lives usually choose the convenient way, tea bags, to brew tea. The material of tea bags can be cotton paper or polyethylene terephthalate(PET) [1-4]:

  1. Tea bags made of cotton paper weigh light. Sometimes it is fixed with staples. However, there are problems of metal use in the high temperature or the issues that the release of impurities may influence the quality of tea. Furthermore, to increase the durability, some tea bags would be added chemical materials, and thus harms our health[1-4].
  1. Tea bags made from polyethylene terephthalate(PET), the most common use now, have the better effect of filter. However, PET is unable to bear in the high temperature, usually 85 degrees Celsius at most. There may be the worry of plasticizer if brewing in the hot water, which could influence the endocrine system, and increase the risks of getting cancer[1-4].

Therefore, we have to make sure what material tea bags use at first before brewing tea. Meanwhile, to prevent the release of chemical materials that would harm our health, the label of tea bags should be avoided to soak in the hot water as well. Drinking tea with tea leaves can be another choice of brewing. On the other hand, the shape of tea bags can be flat or stereoscopic. There is smaller space for tea to stretch in flat tea bags. Therefore, it usually contains more crushed tea, and the scent would release faster. In contrast, stereoscopic tea bags provide enough space for tea to stretch. It usually contains more complete tea leaves, and the taste is stronger as well[1-4].

The quality of tea bags is ranked by the position of tea leaves on tea trees, the shape and the size of tea leaves. B(Broken)means crushed, G(Golden)means golden, O(Orange)means orange, F(Flowery)means fragrant or soft, P(Pekoe)means Pekoe, and T(Tippy)means small buds. They are combined to develop the words, such as OP, BOP, FOP, TGFOP, and so on. Sometimes, there are FGS(Fanning) which means tea tablets or crushed tea and D(Dust) which means tea dusts. In addition, the number indicates the rank in each level. Introduce the simple summary as following[5-7]:

full tea

Flowery Orange Pekoe(FOP) the top leaves on tea trees with more buds.
Orange Pekoe (OP) the second top leaves on tea trees. Tea leaves are longer and complete.
Pekoe (P) the third top leaves on tea trees. Tea leaves are short and coarse.

crushed tea

Broken Orange Pekoe(BOP) crushed tea, or called loose tea. It takes shorter time to brew, and the taste is stronger, which is the common use in tea bags.
Broken Orange Pekoe Fanning(BOPF) smaller than crushed tea(BOP). It is called tea tablets or fanning. The taste is strong
Dust (D) smaller than fanning, which ranks the little. It takes short time to brew, and is also the common use in tea bags.

LittoTea chooses the best material and complete tea leaves to make stereoscopic tea bags. It is also carefully calculated that the most appropriate amount of tea leaves would stretch completely in the short time, and the marrow of tea will release fully. You can experience the best quality of tea instead of worrying the problem of chemical materials.

All tea bags in our shop are processed with carefulness, and will release the best flavor when brewing tea :https://www.littotea.com/shop/

-Research team @ 茶水部 LittoTea, 澄萃茶藝.

Reference

[1]https://blog.icook.tw/posts/91311

[2]http://www.appledaily.com.tw/appledaily/article/headline/20140907/36070125/

[3]http://www.ettoday.net/news/20140901/396135.htm

[4]http://news.tvbs.com.tw/old-news.html?nid=74020

[5]http://blog.xuite.net/sunnycat30/twblog/104565618-%E8%8C%B6%E5%8C%85%E4%B8%AD%E7%9A%84%E8%8C%B6%E8%91%89%E7%9A%84%E5%95%8F%E9%A1%8C

[6]http://por.tw/tea/rewrite.php/read-97.html

[7]http://dailyfresh.pixnet.net/blog/post/8906956-%E9%83%A8%E4%BD%8D%E6%B1%BA%E5%AE%9A%E5%83%B9%E6%A4%8D%E3%80%82%E5%8F%B0%E7%81%A3%E7%B4%85%E8%8C%B6%E4%B9%8B%E8%8C%B6%E8%91%89%E7%AD%89%E7%B4%9A

Lynn Chiang

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